Heter Iska

By resolution adopted by the management of Cross River Bank, currently located at 885 Teaneck Road, Teaneck, NJ, 07666, we the undersigned hereby obligate the Bank, including all branches and subsidiaries ("Bank"), regarding all Bank transactions (including but not limited to, transactions with individuals or companies that lend funds to the Bank or its agents, or individual or companies that borrow funds from the Bank or its agents, in all forms of credit or deposits, including any obligations, guarantees, mortgages, savings, issuance of shares, any types of stock transactions, any activity or fees arising from any brokerage or escrow transactions) that may in any way violate any law of Ribbis, those funds advanced shall be in the hands of the recipient or obligor ("Recipient") as an Iska as enacted by Chazal ("Iska"), subject to the conditions listed herein. This shall apply even if Bank documents refer to these transactions as loans or interest or compounded interest.

The Recipient shall be entitled to Fifty Percent of the profits of this Iska, and shall bear Forty Five percent of any loss (the additional Five percent of profits shall be in consideration for the Recipient's efforts in managing this Iska). The party advancing the funds ("Investor") shall bear Fifty Five Percent of any loss, and shall receive Fifty Percent of any profits.

It is further agreed that if the Recipient engages in ventures from which this Heter Iska does not eliminate violations of Ribbis, the funds engaged in such ventures shall be a Kula Pekadon Iska ("Pekadon Iska"); the Recipient shall be liable for the theft or loss of said funds as a guardian. Even if an agreement refers to a loan or interest or compounded interest, the Recipient shall manage the funds as a Pekadon Iska. Seventy-Five percent of the profits shall belong to the Investor, and Twenty Five percent shall belong to the Recipient, in consideration for his efforts in managing this Iska.

The Recipient, of either an Iska or Pekadon Iska, shall invest the funds in all of his businesses and assets that he currently owns, and/or in those that he may acquire in the future, in the manner most beneficial for this Iska. Even if the funds were advanced for a specific purpose, and regardless of the conditions stated in bank documents, the Recipient shall invest the funds received in all of his assets and investments in the manner most beneficial for this Iska. The assets mentioned in the Bank's records shall remain registered under the name of the Recipient, as per Bank regulations. Regardless, the Recipient, of either an Iska or Pekadon Iska, will invest these funds in the assets and businesses that are Halachically acceptable and most beneficial to the Investor.

The Recipient hereby transfers, with the most effective "Kinyan" done in the most effective manner, a share, equal in value to the funds received, (to be determined by assessors chosen by the Bank), of his current assets and businesses, and all future assets and businesses that the Recipient shall engage in, to the Investor. The Recipient shall purchase and manage said assets and businesses on behalf of the Investor. The Investor shall be entitled to a share in such assets and businesses as defined above, with all profits and losses shared as defined above.

The Recipient is obligated to prove, in the manner enacted by Maharam, that he managed and invested the Iska in a trustworthy and appropriate manner The Recipient shall not be believed on any claim of a loss of principal unless verified by two valid and trustworthy witnesses acceptable by Orthodox Jewish Law. Similarly, the Recipient shall not be believed on any claim regarding profits or lack of profits, unless he makes a severe oath in accordance with Orthodox Jewish Law, or unless the claim is verified by two valid and trustworthy witnesses acceptable by Orthodox Jewish Law. It is agreed that the Recipient hereby waives his right to choose a Bais Din; rather the Bank shall have the exclusive right to choose the place and forum of adjudication, provided that it is an established Bais Din.

It is agreed that all ledgers, certified accounting statements, financial statements, corporate documents, and documents, statements, and records of any other type shall not be used by the Recipient as proof or verification for the above-mentioned claims, and shall not even create an 'Umdena' assumption.

It is also agreed that the Recipient must notify the Investor in writing of any loss or lack of profits by the last business day of the Hebrew month (which shall be the due date for profit payments) Failure to provide said notice shall be an admission that the Iska generated profits, and the Recipient shall not be able to claim a loss or lack of profits for said time period All this is as enacted by Chachmas Adam.

It is also agreed, that the Recipient is obligated to pay immediately, upon serving such notice, the portion of this Iska that is a loan, and the balance remaining, according to the Recipient's claim, of the Pekadon Iska. If the Recipient fails to comply with this, the Bais Din may rule according to their discretion.

Regardless of the above agreements regarding the allocation of profits and losses, it is agreed that if the Recipient returns the entire principal of this Iska to the Investor, and, in addition, pays to  the Investor the amounts called for by all contracts and agreements between the Investor and the Recipient, including but not limited to, interest, one time charges or bonuses, points, penalties, benefits, and index charges, as per the schedule of said agreements, then the Recipient shall be relieved of his obligation to provide any verification concerning this Iska, and any additional profits shall belong solely to the Recipient.

It is also agreed, that any  payment  or benefit  that shall  be given  before  the Iska begins shall only be considered a payment 'on account', and if it is established, according to the terms above, that the Investor is not entitled to such payment, it shall be subtracted from the principal. All this was decided by the management of the bank with an absolute decision which is binding   as per the powers and authority of the management on behalf of the shareholders. This resolution and obligation is binding like any other bylaw of the Bank. No manager or teller, present or future, shall be authorized to lend or borrow, to obligate (the Bank), or to accept an obligation, in a manner that violates or may violate Ribbis or Avak Ribbis. The management of the Bank hereby affirms that this document is legally binding. The management of the Bank hereby authorizes anyone executing documents on behalf of the Bank to execute and incorporate a specific Iska based on this contract, upon the request of a client.

It is specifically agreed that even if, for any reason, the Recipient or Investor is unaware of this Heter Iska, or is ignorant of the entire concept of a Heter Iska, the transaction shall be an Iska as defined by this contract. This is because in accordance with the above resolution, the Bank will not engage in any monetary transactions that are not consistent with Torah and the Rabbinic enactments, and anyone dealing with the Bank does business according to its rules, which requires transactions to be in accordance with this Heter Iska.

From the day this document is executed by the Bank, all transactions shall be exclusively according to the terms of this Iska Contract. This was all done with a true admission and with a Kinyan Suddar before a Bais Din Chashuv, in a manner that is not an Asmachta, and not in the manner of Tofsay Shtara. This was all done with the most effective Kinyan in the manner that is most effective It is agreed that any doubt that may arise regarding the interpretation of this document shall be construed in a manner that will uphold this document, and not in a manner that would invalidate it. It is agreed to accept the opinions of any Halachic decisor that upholds this document In order to give enforceability and strength to all that is stated above, we are recording this agreement, and publicizing before the entire community our enactment and this resolution.

The following signature, as authorized by the management of the Bank, is to confirm and to effect a Kinyan on this agreement, here in Teaneck, NJ on the day of June 25, 2008.